What Are the Functions of Human Resource Management?

What Are the Functions of Human Resource Management?


Human resource management consists of several functions. It involves the design and analysis of jobs, engagement of employees, and compliance with regulations. These functions can be categorized into four main categories: job design, job analysis, employee engagement, and compliance. To have a good understanding of what is human resource management, continue to read this article.

Job design

The job design process is a crucial aspect of human resource management. It focuses on identifying factors that affect the performance of a job and the requirements for the position. Designing a job above employee skill and availability level will result in reduced productivity and employee satisfaction. Therefore, it is becoming increasingly employee-centric.

As a human resource manager, your top priority is the productivity and satisfaction of your employees. That is why job design is vitally important. Job designing helps you design specific tasks and activities that contribute to your organization’s goals. Moreover, it also helps you save money by minimizing wastage. Finally, it also enables you to ensure that the goals are met.

Job analysis

Job analysis is a vital part of human resource management. It enables a company to understand better the skill sets and experience required for different positions. It also helps resolve disputes regarding the quality of work performed. It involves interviewing current employees and observing them perform their duties. The process also includes reading manuals and comparing job descriptions with actual actions. Once the analysis is complete, it should be documented by department and individual positions.

Job analysis is best done periodically to ensure the organization is still effective. Job descriptions often become outdated as work practices, and environments change. Unfortunately, organizations may not be aware that their job descriptions are obsolete or inconsistent with the company’s vision.

Employee engagement

Employee engagement is a crucial function of human resource management. This function plays a key role in the success of an organization and should not be overlooked. Providing employees with a voice and an outlet for their ideas, concerns, and suggestions is essential. Keeping up-to-date with news and trends is also vital to employee engagement. A company blog can help employees stay informed of the happenings on the shop floor.

Employee engagement can be measured through employee surveys or analytical tools. However, listening to employees is the most effective way to improve employee engagement. 

Complying with regulations

HR managers must comply with laws and regulations to ensure their companies provide the best employment opportunities for employees. They must also ensure their policies and procedures comply with federal, state, and local laws. They also need to be aware of the importance of establishing an anti-harassment policy.

Compliance with regulations is the responsibility of human resource managers, including legal experts and employees. Non-compliance with these laws can result in lawsuits from employees. Therefore, it is vital for HR departments to understand their obligations and to work with management when an employee situation crosses the line into compliance regulation territory. For example, unpaid overtime, sexual harassment, and bullying are all violations of laws and are grounds for lawsuits.

Compliance with labor laws

HR leaders are responsible for ensuring that companies adhere to the laws and regulations regarding the treatment of employees. Therefore, they need to remain current with changes in labor laws, including the FLSA and local wage and hour laws. They also need to perform regular audits and develop checklists to ensure compliance. These steps can prevent workplace incidents and potentially costly lawsuits

Human Resources also must comply with the laws related to employee health and safety. This includes federal, state, and local laws. Employees have a right to be safe from harassment and discrimination in the workplace. As such, employers should create policies to prevent harassment and ensure all employees have access to these policies. Furthermore, managers should receive training to detect harassment and conduct fair investigations.

Training employees

Human resource management is training employees about company policies and procedures and their responsibilities. Employee orientation is typically the first step in the training process. Next, new employees fill out paperwork and learn about their roles and responsibilities.

Therefore, companies must carefully plan their human resource processes. Unfortunately, many companies perform routine personnel tasks without much care, and research suggests they don’t have a sound system. A common mistake is focusing on economics and scheduling, an essential human resource management skill.

Clare Louise

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