Knowing About the Working Principles and Capabilities of CNC Machining

Knowing About the Working Principles and Capabilities of CNC Machining

CNC is often a correlated digital term, added to production. This process is majorly based on the subtraction mechanism as it bends and manufactures the materials. This system of production can handle quite a lot of materials, ranging from the soft materials to the wear-resistant ones like steel or titanium. 

CNC has been playing a very critical and integral role in the entire production and manufacturing technology. Despite its importance, not many know the insides of this process and how it can impact the production line. 

In this article, we will discuss the working principles and the capabilities of precision CNC machining.

CNC Machining

The Computer Numerical Control or CNC machining is a kind of fabricating task that is initiated by machine instincts. The machines take their instructions through codes and these codes will be fed in by the machinists. These codes are categorized as G codes and M codes. 

If one wants to understand what these machines actually do, it needs to be explained on the traditional terms. The CNC machines can do a lot ranging from routing, drilling, grinding, milling or cutting. There are different machines present to handle each of these tasks.

Besides using the machines traditionally, they can also be used for certain other types of fabrication processes like:

  1. Laser cutting
  2. Milling
  3. Routing
  4. Flame cutting
  5. Plasma cutting
  6. Waterjet cutting

How do the CNC machines work?

CNC machines can also be regarded as instinctive computerized machines. They will not take any directions or commands directly from the humans. Instead, one needs to insert them within the machine. It can read the instructions that are in the form of digital files and codes. A description of the command is also needed in the form of digital codes. It can also be provided with physical tools, but unless the computer recognizes them, there is no use of it. This is why the machinists ease their work by storing the digital instrument files in the digital library to aid easy recognition.


The capabilities of the CNC machines are massive. These machines have multiple tools dedicated to each of the tasks. There are three or five axes CNC machining tools, which are adept for different sets of functions. The productivity increases as the number of axes increases.

Your job is going to get easier if you are having Precision CNC machining deployed at your end.

Oscar Johnston

Related Posts

Read also x